Beijing stepped up military and diplomatic pressure on Taiwan when Tsai Ing-wen came to power in 2016, rejecting the position that the island should be considered Chinese territory.
Chinese troops have carried out a record number of incursions into Taiwan’s air defense zone in recent months.
Beijing “should stop the spread of military adventurism in its ranks,” Tsai Ing-wen said in a speech on New Year’s Eve.
“The use of military means absolutely cannot be a means of resolving differences between the two sides,” she added.
Beijing considers Taiwan to be part of its territory and has stated that it will one day reclaim it, if necessary by force.
Chinese President Xi Jinping said in his New Year’s address that “full unification of our homeland is the goal of both the Chinese and Taiwanese people.”
Taiwan’s defense ministry warned in October that military tensions with Beijing were at their highest in four decades after a record number of Chinese planes flew into its air defense zone.
Beijing has also stepped up efforts to isolate Taiwan in the international arena in recent years.
The country sees any official declaration of an “independent” Taiwan as a provocation and has repeatedly threatened the consequences for countries that support Taipei’s self-determination.
Beijing’s actions are forcing Taiwan’s dwindling diplomatic allies to change the supportive side.
Nicaragua, for example, recently chose Beijing, and China opened its embassy in the Central American country on Friday.
However, groups in the Baltic and Central European countries, including Lithuania, are seeking closer ties with Taiwan, even if this is fueling anger at China.
A Taiwanese representative office was opened in Vilnius in November, despite Beijing’s demand not to use the island’s name for such establishments.
Experts say the Chinese name of the mission sounds like a Taiwanese mission. Beijing sees Taiwan’s attempts to act as an independent state. As a result, the ambassadors of China and Lithuania were recalled from Vilnius and Beijing for consultations, and diplomatic relations between the two countries were later reduced to the level of trustees.