BRASILIA — The Chamber should be a trench of controversial clashes in 2022, a legislative year reduced by the October elections, which practically makes it impossible to approve complex economic proposals such as administrative and tax reforms.
In the vacuum created by the absence of these themes, “custom” projects tend to gain space on the agenda, such as the legalization of games, home education and the release of marijuana cultivation for medicinal use.
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Privately, the president of the Chamber, Arthur Lira (PP-AL), does not see the possibility of the reforms prospering next year. Even the government leader, Ricardo Barros (PP-PR), has already admitted that these matters should only vote on the legislative priority list in 2023.
In this scenario, Lira intends to speed up projects that have already been approved in the Senate and, therefore, now only depend on the approval of deputies to become law. He is also determined to maintain his own agenda for the Chamber.
One of the proposals that can be analyzed at the House in February, when the legislative recess ends, is the legalization of games. In December, the urgency for the text was approved, which gives it priority on the agenda. The bill is defended by Lira, but faces fierce opposition from the evangelical caucus — which made President Jair Bolsonaro promise religious leaders that he will veto the text if it passes Congress.
— The legalization of games is not just an agenda, it is an agenda that also dialogues with the resumption of jobs, an increase in revenue. There may be resistance, but it is possible that it will walk – evaluates the leader of the DEM, Efraim Filho (PB).
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Another bill with advanced processing is the one that regulates homeschooling, a flag of deputies from conservative benches.
The rapporteur, Luisa Canziani (PTB-PR), opened a series of discussions with the government to adjust points in the text, imposing different conditions so that children can be educated at home. This proposal finds more support than another proposal on the same theme, by Congresswoman Bia Kicis (PSL-DF), which only decriminalizes the practice.
— Homeschooling even has a consensus. The issue is more of the text. Luisa’s (Canziani) text is a text that requires rules. The text by Bia (Kicis) is a general liberation – says deputy Margarete Coelho (PP-PI).
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The text that releases the cultivation of marijuana (cannabis sativa) for medicinal and industrial use can also be analyzed in the return of the works. Despite strong counter pressure from conservative lawmakers, the bill was approved by a special commission in June. Now, it waits to be analyzed by the plenary of the Chamber.
— I am in favor of the proposal, but it is very controversial. It is now quite mature, there were deep debates – assesses the leader of the MDB at the House, deputy Isnaldo Bulhões (AL).
Deputy Sóstenes Cavalcante (DEM-RJ), who will assume the presidency of the Evangelical parliamentary front next year, says that the group will formulate a list of five priority projects, which will be presented to Lira. Among them should be the one dealing with the practice of homophobia. The idea is to change the definition of crime.
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— We have things we want to take care of. That’s why Lira wants to score another five hundred. One of them is the homophobia project, which was equated with the crime of racism – says Sóstenes.
Government leader at the House, Ricardo Barros predicts an unfavorable scenario in 2022 for the proving of pocketbook agendas, as usual:
— Some parties, which before could have had less incisive positions, have already launched candidates for the presidency of the Republic and, therefore, tend to do everything to overthrow projects in the interest of Bolsonaro, their biggest opponent in practice.
Legalization of gambling
Defended by the president of the Chamber, Arthur Lira (PP-AL), the proposal was urgently approved in December and may be scheduled as early as February. The bill, however, has opposition from the evangelical bench, which led President Jair Bolsonaro to promise religious leaders that he will veto it.
regulation of homeschooling
The project reported by Deputy Luisa Canziani (PTB-PR), which was negotiated with the government and establishes rules for home education for children, can be analyzed. Another proposal from the same time, authored by Bia Kicis (PSL-DF), is also in progress, but has less chance of advancing
Despite pressure from conservatives, a proposal to allow cannabis cultivation for medical and industrial use passed a special House committee and should have gone straight to the Senate, but an appeal has asked for it to pass before the floor.
Renovations are due for 2023
Defended by Economy Minister Paulo Guedes, the administrative and tax reforms were not approved in 2022 and now have little chance of being voted this year, as there is no consensus and lawmakers avoid weariness on the eve of elections.