Joseph R. Olefirowicz: my first language was Polish – Two

Agnieszka Duczmal with the Diamond Baton

Formerly, they were made of wood, most often of heavy ebony, ivory or silver. They were certainly beautiful, but at the same time not very functional. Now conductors lead the orchestras using a baton made of plastic, light wood or cork. However, the diamond batons, awarded by Polish Radio to outstanding bandmasters, move the hearts of the radio most strongly.

On Sunday (14.11) the Diamond Baton will be picked up by the wonderful conductor Agnieszka Duczmal. On the eve of this event, we reached into the archives to recall the voices of previous laureates, we also talked about the most interesting batons in collections all over Poland and we were looking for an answer to the question whether the mystery of music can be closed in this simple subject …


118:36 2021_11_13 15_00_20_PR2_Dwie_do_setki.mp3 Małgorzata Małaszko: the winners of the Diamond Batuta have great merits for Polish music (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

Małgorzata Małaszko-Stasiewicz said that Stefan Rachoń has done a great job for Polish Radio. – In times when there were no records, he recorded this music methodically. Our radio archive contains over 6,000 of his recordings. These were not only songs, but also my beloved concertina with Szpilman at the piano, it was not only accompanying our wonderful singers – she emphasized.

Joanna Wnuk-Nazarowa emphasized that there were times when it was difficult to imagine a festival in Opole or Sopot without a large symphony orchestra. – First Rachoń, then Henryk Debich, then the setting was phenomenal, as with classical music – she recalled.

Magdalena Szmida-Półbratek from the City Museum in Wrocław told about the history of the baton. – It appeared in 1810. Interestingly, according to state preferences, the German batons were cylindrical. Before the era, the baton used to conduct what fell into the hand: a bow, canes, a bundle of notes. The batons were created, for example, to conduct one opera or one orchestra. The conductor was given such a baton as a souvenir when he left.

As she said, the collection of over 170 batons belongs to Jan Stanisław Witkiewicz. – I am not surprised that he collects them, is interested in ballet and music, it is a natural consequence. The exhibition we presented was very popular, she said.


01:35 Two Jan Krenz about what a conductor needs.mp3 Jan Krenz on what a conductor needs (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

01:50 Two Stefan Rachoń about his love for radio during the war.mp3 Stefan Rachoń on his love for radio during the war (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

00:30 Two Stanisław Wisłocki advises young conductors.mp3 Stanisław Wisłocki advises young conductors (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

00:47 Two Krzysztof Penderecki on his interests in dendrology.mp3 Krzysztof Penderecki on his interests in dendrology (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

01:33 Kazimierz Kord on the necessary changes to the orchestra’s line-up.mp3 Kazimierz Kord on the necessary changes in the composition of the orchestra (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

00:52 Dwójka Stefan Stuligrosz about the wonderful Polish musical language.mp3 Stefan Stuligrosz on the great Polish musical language (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

00:29 Dwóka Jacek Kaspszyk about the conductor’s life on suitcases.mp3 Jacek Kaspszyk on the conductor’s life on suitcases (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

01:06 Dwójka Antoni Wit on the conductor-orchestra relationship.mp3 Antoni Wit on the conductor-orchestra relationship (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

01:19 Dwójka Stanisław Skrowaczewski about his composing dreams.mp3 Stanisław Skrowaczewski on his composing dreams (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

01:16 Two Jerzy Semkow on the secrets of the conductor’s cooperation with the orchestra.mp3 Jerzy Semkow on the secrets of the conductor’s cooperation with the orchestra (Dwa do hundreds / Dwójka)

01:13 Dwójka Jerzy Maksymiuk on the accuracy of the conductor’s gestures.mp3 Jerzy Maksymiuk on the accuracy of the conductor’s gestures (Two to the hundred / Two)

02:03 Two Agnieszka Duczmal about the beginnings of her work as a conductor and her love for chamber music.mp3 Agnieszka Duczmal on the beginnings of her work as a conductor and her love for chamber music (Dwie do hundredski / Dwójka)

Małgorzata Małaszko, director of Program 2 of Polish Radio, about NThe Diamond Batuta agriy awarded by the Board of the Polish Radio:


Program title: Two to a hundred

They ran: Monika Zając and Jakub Kukla

Guests: Małgorzata Małaszko-Stasiewicz (director of Polish Radio 2), Joanna Wnuk-Nazarowa (composer, long-term director of the Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra), Magdalena Szmida-Półbratek (City Museum in Wrocław), Katarzyna Wodarska-Ogidel (curator of the baton collection at the Teatr Wielki – Polish National Opera)

Date of issue: 13.11.2021

Time of broadcast: 15.00


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