Territorial annexation. Municipalities are losing land, and cities are doing what they want

Territorial annexation. Municipalities are losing land, and cities are doing what they want
Territorial annexation. Municipalities are losing land, and cities are doing what they want
  • From January 1, 2022, cities such as Świecie, Różan, Połaniec, Czempiń and Lipiany will expand their territory
  • In some localities, this process will not take place due to protests from local residents
  • In other communes, land was taken over despite the disagreement of the inhabitants and communal authorities. – Unfortunately, we gain nothing from the above change, but only lose – believes the mayor of Strzelno, Dariusz Chudziński. Strzelno will lose 131 ha to the Jeziora Wielkie commune
  • – Territorial expansion affects the development of cities and the stagnation of neighboring communes. The expansion of borders is an opportunity for the development of a city that has economic and investment potential, but lacks space, believes Dr. Kuć-Czajkowska
  • You can find more such stories on the Onet homepage

According to the law, in order for the territory to be seized, the city council must pass a resolution to expand the area. The application to change the boundaries together with the results of consultations is sent to the voivode, who issues an opinion and transfers the case to the Ministry of Interior and Administration. The final decision is made by the Council of Ministers.

In July, an ordinance on changes to the boundaries of towns and communes appeared in the official journal. Most of these conclusions were supported after consultation with residents. However, there were also protests. The largest ones were held in the Chełm and Sanok communes. The inhabitants of the neighboring villages did not want to join these towns.

According to experts, currently the division procedures are carried out in isolation from national law and the European Charter of Local Self-Government.

– In my opinion, financial instruments should be introduced into the Polish legal system, either preventing the initiation of such extensive annexation activities, or – more likely – transferring the obligation to pay tax for above-average profitability to the city that annexed an area generating high tax revenues. It is important to understand the authorities of communes, which should receive some compensation, a form of compensation for lost village councils, and with it tax revenues – believes Dr. Katarzyna Kuć-Czajkowska from the Maria Skłodowska-Curie University in Lublin.

According to Dr. Kuć-Czajkowskiej territorial expansion affects the development of cities and the stagnation of neighboring communes.

– Cities decide on territorial expansion for several reasons. Firstly, it is an easy way to overcome the problems arising from suburbanization, that is, city dwellers moving out of administrative boundaries. Secondly, sometimes it is about catching up with other voivodship capitals in terms of size and number of inhabitants (this was the case of Rzeszów – ed.). Thirdly, it is in line with the policy of the state authorities, i.e. efforts to strengthen local government units, e.g. through voluntary merger of local government units – explains the doctor.

Head of Strzelna: the voice of the citizens is not taken into account

Despite unfavorable opinions, the commune of Jeziora Wielkie absorbed 131 ha, which previously belonged to the commune of Strzelno.

– Unfortunately, we gain nothing from the above change, but only lose – believes the mayor of Strzelno, Dariusz Chudziński. According to the steward, the commune of Jeziora Wielkie took the area against the will and intention of the commune of Strzelno. As an example, he gives the Vocational Activity Center in Przyjezierze.

– In the previous term of office, the commune acquired and invested over PLN 8 million there. The durability of this project requires the plant to be kept unchanged for another 3 years. The plant employs several dozen disabled people. The commune of Jeziora Wielkie does not intend to run it, claiming that it cannot afford it. Initially, they suggested to our commune that, after taking the property, they could lease it to us for a fee. Recently, they declare that they will lend it to us until the expiry of the above-mentioned project – says the mayor.

“We will not hand over the commune. We do not want to go to the city”

The Mayor of Chełm, Jakub Banaszek, proposed to expand his city in September 2021. The following villages were to be attached to the city: Koza-Gotówka, Nowiny, Okszów, Okszów-Kolonia, Pokrówka, Srebrzyszcze and Żółtańce-Kolonia, as well as some of the precincts areas: Weremowice, Żółtańce and Depułtycze Królewskie.

The mayor of the commune, Wiesław Kociuba, protested against the dissolution. Banaszek wanted to complete this process without any consultations.

Jarosław Rzepa of the PSL then compared these actions to a “jump to the cash”.

– If he wants to behave like a real local government official, the first thing he would do is to come to the head of the commune head and start a dialogue with him – said the PSL MP.

The inhabitants of the commune were also against the actions of the president of Chełm. In October, they organized a picket in front of the Provincial Office in Lublin. A similar demonstration took place earlier in front of the Chełm Commune Office. During the protest, the inhabitants chanted with banners “We will not give the commune back. We do not want to go to the city”.

Ultimately, however, a compromise was reached between the city of Chełm and the commune of Chełm.

“In the course of the negotiations, the parties developed a common position, under which they propose to withdraw from the proceedings in the current territorial shape and to proceed with the application assuming the extension of the administrative borders of the City of Chełm only to potentially uninhabited areas, located in Depułtycze Królewskie, Pokrówka, Koza Gotówka, Srebrzyszcze and Rudka “- it was written in the joint communiqué of the city of Chełm and the commune of Chełm sent by Przemysław Kargul from the Chełm Commune Office.

The same position was also published by the City of Chełm on its website. According to the agreement, 470 ha was incorporated into the city of Chełm.

“All decisions taking into account the changes contained in the agreement remain within the competence of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration,” the local governments informed.

The border changes will take place on January 1, 2023.

Rzeszow. Change of president. Change of decision

Over the last dozen or so years, the area of ​​Rzeszów has increased almost 2.5 times. This process started on January 1, 2006. From that moment on, the surrounding towns were regularly included in Rzeszów. Today Rzeszów has an area of ​​128.5 square kilometers. It is inhabited by almost 200 thousand. people.

President Tadeusz Ferenc also wanted to continue this process this year. He applied for the connection of the area adjacent to the Boguchwała commune.

– President Ferenc’s ambition, he claimed, was to catch up with other centers. Rzeszów was once the smallest voivodeship city, both in terms of the area covered and the number of inhabitants – explains Kuć-Czajkowska.

However, in February, due to falling ill with COVID-19, Ferenc resigned as president of Rzeszów. His place was taken by Konrad Fijołek, who gave up on further extending the city.

As the City Hall informs us, the Mayor of Rzeszów believes that the city has grown so much in the last dozen or so years that it is now time to focus on even stronger investments in areas that are already within the city limits.

Director of the Office of the Association of Polish Cities, Andrzej Porawski, justified the withdrawal of support for the change by declaring that during consultations with the inhabitants of the village councils he was against their inclusion in Rzeszów.

Changes to the borders of cities and communes from January 1, 2022 Where will they be?

The communes of Jeziora Wielkie and the communes of Strzelno (kujawsko-pomorskie voivodship) consisting in the inclusion of a part of the area of ​​the Miradz evidential precinct with a total area of ​​130.73 ha from the Strzelno commune to the commune of Jeziora Wielkie.

City of the world (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship). The change is to include the village of Świecie village of the Świecie commune of the village of Wielki Konopat with an area of ​​8.47 ha, Polski Konopat with an area of ​​58.43 ha, Kozłowo with an area of ​​49.82 ha (4 inhabitants), Sulnówko with an area of ​​128.52 ha (206 inhabitants), Sulnowo with an area of ​​167.09 ha (276 inhabitants), Dziki with an area of ​​4.11 ha (4 inhabitants) and Morsk with an area of ​​47.52 ha (7 inhabitants).

City of Różan (masovian district). The change is to include part of the area of ​​the record precinct of the village of Paulinowo with a total area of ​​533.29 ha to the existing city area. The area is inhabited by 22 people.

The town of Poniec (Greater Poland Voivodeship). The change is to include part of the area of ​​the Janiszewo registration area with an area of ​​46.41 ha (uninhabited area) to the existing area of ​​the city.

The city of Czempiń (Greater Poland Voivodeship). The change is to include part of the area of ​​the registered precincts in Borowo with a total area of ​​17.48 ha (271 inhabitants), Piotrkowice with a total area of ​​4.95 ha (363 inhabitants) and Piechanin with a total area of ​​4.95 ha (19 inhabitants) to the current area of ​​the city. ).

The city of Lipiany (West Pomeranian voivodeship). The change is to include some areas of the cadastral precincts to the existing city area: Będzin with a total area of ​​19.95 ha (11 inhabitants), Osetna with a total area of ​​33.47 ha (15 inhabitants), Dębiec with a total area of ​​66.50 ha (21 inhabitants), Józefin with a total area of ​​14.73 ha (55 inhabitants), Głębokie with a total area of ​​6.00 ha (15 inhabitants).

Chełm commune and Sawin commune (lubelskie voivodship) consisting in the incorporation of the Jagodne commune with the area of ​​256.78 ha (115 inhabitants) from the Sawin commune to the Chełm commune. The initiators of the proposed change are the inhabitants of the village of Jagodne.

The commune of Sokoły and the commune of Wysokie Mazowieckie (Podlaskie voivodeship) consisting in the inclusion of the Jabłoń-Rykacze village council (area of ​​7.21 ha and 7 inhabitants) from the Wysokie Mazowieckie commune to the Sokoły commune.

Bełchatów commune and Kleszczów commune (Łódzkie Voivodeship) consisting in the inclusion of the Wola Grzymalina area (area over 20 square kilometers) into the Bełchatów commune.

We are glad that you are with us. Subscribe to the Onet newsletter to receive the most valuable content from us

 
For Latest Updates Follow us on Google News
 

PREV Car: The M5 is congested due to accidents
NEXT Polish OSCE Presidency. Zbigniew Rau: the main idea is to ease civilians