15 years since Romania’s entry into the EU. Klaus Iohannis: Membership in the European Union is not “a given”, it is being built

15 years since Romania’s entry into the EU. Klaus Iohannis: Membership in the European Union is not “a given”, it is being built
15 years since Romania’s entry into the EU. Klaus Iohannis: Membership in the European Union is not “a given”, it is being built

President Klaus Iohannis said on Saturday, marking 15 years since Romania’s accession to the European Union, that “we have recently had concrete evidence of the human dimension of the principle of solidarity, when other member states responded promptly to the Romanian authorities’ call for medical support. ”. The head of state also says that “it is fundamental to realize that Romania’s membership in the European Union is not” a given “, but is being built”.

“We are celebrating 15 years since our country’s accession to the European Union, a key moment in the construction of today’s European Romania.

EU accession anchored us in the European space of democracy and values, an ideal that became a reality through the supreme sacrifice of those who fought in December 1989. At that crucial moment in our history, Romanians demanded in unison freedom, fundamental rights , the rule of law and democracy. Acquiring the status of member of the European Union materialized a path chosen by the citizens in an assumed and without hesitation way. The European road remains legitimately the only option for Romania’s prosperity, stability and long-term development.

The benefits to our citizens and society are concrete and mean improving our daily lives, whether we are talking about the internal market, environmental protection, digitalisation, free movement and opportunities to study, work or live anywhere in the European Union, or financing development and of modernization in multiple areas, such as infrastructure, rural areas, energy, the medical sector, education.

Today, Romania contributes directly, as a member state, to the consolidation and strengthening of the European Union. Joint action based on the principle of solidarity, accelerating reforms aimed at increasing convergence and cohesion, upholding the fundamental values ​​of our Union by respecting freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law, implementing priorities for climate change, digitization and resilience are key objectives on which Romania has assumed and which it promotes in its turn within the Union and in the relationship with the other partners.

We have recently had concrete evidence of the human dimension of the principle of solidarity, when the other Member States responded promptly to the Romanian authorities’ call for medical and pharmaceutical support, so that we can manage the effects of the latest wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. We, in turn, have helped other EU Member States or the Union’s neighborhood with medical equipment and supplies, when the epidemiological situation in those countries has been particularly difficult.

Today’s anniversary offers us, beyond the x-ray of the significance of joining the European Union and the indisputable gains that membership has brought with it for Romanian citizens, and the opportunity for a projection on the future, on what we want to represent the Union which we are preparing for future generations.

The declaration adopted at the Summit we hosted in Sibiu on May 9, 2019, set out the commitment to a more united Europe, from east to west and from north to south, based on common solutions, solidarity in difficult times and on further protecting the European way of life, democracy and the rule of law.

“Today’s union is stronger than yesterday’s, and we want to continue to make it stronger for tomorrow. This is our commitment to future generations. This is the spirit of Sibiu and the spirit of a new Union in 27, ready to embrace its future as a unitary body “, all European leaders stated in unison in the Sibiu Declaration.

The messages conveyed by the Declaration adopted then prove once again their validity, as we work together to prepare Europe for the future, starting from the lessons learned from the recent health crisis.

I am confident that the Union will continue to grow and actively respond to the challenges posed by digitalisation and climate change around the world, providing security, well-being and stability for its citizens. At this time when European citizens are invited to speak on European priorities, at the Conference on the Future of Europe, it is important that the wishes and ideas of Romanians are made heard, so that we can then formulate balanced decisions at European level that correspond to these expectations.

Today, 15 years after accession, we must continue to talk to young people about Europe and the importance and major benefits of the European project. It is fundamental to realize that Romania’s membership in the European Union is not “a given”, but is built through solidarity, responsibility, the power of consensus, respect for others, a firm desire to preserve unity and cohesion in formulating answers to future challenges. to the President of Romania, forwarded by the Presidential Administration.

15 years since Romania’s accession to the EU and its preparation

The process of Romania’s accession to the European Union began on February 1, 1993, on the occasion of the signing of the European Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, on the one hand, and Romania, on the other hand. The agreement recognized Romania’s goal of becoming a member of the European Union and provided financial and technical assistance from it, according to www.mae.ro and https://ec.europa.eu.

On June 22, 1995, in Paris, the Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs Theodor Melescanu submitted Romania’s official application for membership in the European Union. Attached was the document “National Strategy for Preparing for Romania’s Accession to the European Union”, signed in Snagov on June 21, 1995, by parliamentary party leaders, the presidents of the two chambers of the Romanian Parliament and President Ion Iliescu.

The European Council was held at the Palais des Festivals in Cannes on 27 June 1995, on the occasion of the approval of the general framework of Community legislation in the field of the internal market and of the requirements that the associated states, including Romania, were to adopt. for the harmonization of the community legislation with the national one, according to Agerpres.

On 30 June 1995, in Brussels, Romania signed the Additional Protocol to the Association Agreement, which finalized the legal framework for the participation of the Romanian state in Community programs in the economic, technical, scientific and cultural fields. This moment represented the completion of Romania’s associated state status in the European Union.

The application of the provisions of the European Association Agreement and the preparation of the process of Romania’s accession to the European Union were undertaken by the Interministerial Committee for European Integration, which started its activity on August 14, 1995.

On June 27, 1997, on the occasion of the European Union summit in Amsterdam, the candidate states were also invited to participate, Romania being represented by a delegation led by President Emil Constantinescu.

The Government of Romania has implemented the National Program for Romania’s accession to the European Union in the medium term, a program presented on May 21, 1998, in the government meeting, by Alexandru Herlea, the Minister Delegate to the Prime Minister for European Integration. The program was discussed in the plenary of both Houses of Parliament and forwarded to the European Commission on 25 June 1998.

The European Commission proposed, on 13 October 1999, the start of accession negotiations with the European Union with Malta, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Romania.

The opening of Romania’s accession negotiations with the European Union took place in Brussels, on February 15, 2000, during the Romania-European Union Intergovernmental Conference, at the level of the foreign ministers of the 15 member states.

On 11 March 2004, the European Parliament voted, with 374 votes in favor, 10 against and 29 abstentions, the report on Romania and Bulgaria’s candidacy for membership of the European Union.

The ceremony for the largest enlargement of the Community bloc to date took place in Dublin on 1 May 2004, when the European Union received ten new Member States – Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia , Slovenia, Hungary.

Romania concludes, from a technical point of view, the negotiations for accession to the European Union on December 8, 2004, in Brussels, by temporarily closing the last two chapters: “Competition Policy” (Chapter 6) and “Justice and Home Affairs” ( Chapter 24), during the Romania-EU accession conference.

The European Commission confirmed, on December 14, 2004, at the XII Intergovernmental Conference on Romania’s Accession to the EU, held in Brussels, the provisional closure of the 31 negotiating chapters, so that later the political decision to close to be negotiated by the European Council at its winter meeting.

The European Parliament voted on December 16, 2004, the report on Romania ‘s progress towards accession to the European Union, recommending the signing of the Accession Treaty in the spring of 2005 and its effective accession, together with Bulgaria, on January 1, 2007.

On the occasion of the European Council, of 17-18 December 2004, the European leaders approved the signing in April 2005 of the Treaty of Accession of Romania and Bulgaria to the EU, and the accession as full rights states of the two countries to take place in 2007, with the obligation continuing reforms and fulfilling commitments.

On April 13, 2005, in Strasbourg, the European Parliament voted, with 497 votes in favor, 93 against and 71 abstentions, the assent for the signing of the Treaty of Accession of Romania to the European Union.

The Romanian delegation, led by President Traian Băsescu, participated, on April 25, 2005, in Luxembourg, in the signing ceremony of the treaty of Romania’s accession to the institutions of the European Union.

The European Commission presented on September 26, 2006, in Strasbourg, the comprehensive monitoring report of Romania and Bulgaria, which stated for the first time that Bulgaria and Romania are ready to join on January 1, 2007.

Slovakia was the first state to ratify the Treaty of Accession of Romania and Bulgaria to the European Union on June 21, 2005, and on November 24, 2006, Germany concluded this necessary process.

The Brussels European Council (14-15 December 2006) confirmed the accession of Romania and Bulgaria to the European Union on 1 January 2007.

After receiving in the European Union, Romania has representatives in all European institutions, Romanian citizens benefit from the rights conferred by European citizenship. Romanian has become one of the official languages ​​of the European Union, all Community documents being translated into Romanian.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Calin Popescu Tariceanu met on November 2, 2006 before Romania’s scheduled accession to the EU. Photo: Sean Gallup / Getty Images

Editor: Alexandru Costea

 
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