The Brazilian government has paid R$419.5 million to international organizations since Monday and has avoided, at the last minute, the loss of the right to vote at the UN due to delays in its contributions. The payment involves another 13 multilateral or regional entities, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Mercosur Secretariat, in addition to peace missions of the United Nations in Africa.
The resources were released by Ordinance No. 14,951 of the Ministry of Economy, and the transfers took place throughout this week. The majority — $56.3 million (just over R$ 310 million at current exchange rates) — is earmarked for the UN and peacekeeping missions.
Brazil’s default at the United Nations had been worrying Itamaraty, which warned the economic team about the risk of running out of votes as of January 1st. The constraint would be even greater because the country will assume a rotating seat on the Security Council during the 2022-2023 biennium.
Article 19 of the Charter of the United Nations provides for loss of voting rights as an automatic and immediate penalty when the delay in payments exceeds the total value of contributions in the two previous years – which was precisely the case.
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Only three countries currently fall into this situation of accumulated debt: Somalia, Comoros and São Tomé and Príncipe. However, they claimed to be experiencing a severe economic crisis and gained a “waiver” (forgiveness) from the international community. With that, they preserved their rights in full.
In addition to the UN, the main amounts paid this week were a contribution of 9.7 million Swiss francs to the International Labor Organization (ILO) — nearly R$ 60 million at current exchange rates — and another US$ 2 million to the Inter-American Institute of Cooperation for Agriculture (IICA).
Among the bodies with which Brazil has been accumulating delays are even some historical ones, such as the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (Abacc).
Created in 1981, the agency was a diplomatic initiative to relax the bilateral relationship, at a time when military dictatorships were mutually suspicious of each country’s intentions to develop nuclear weapons.
Contributions were also paid for fiscal year 2019 to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPAQ), the Pan American Center for Foot and Mouth Disease (Panaftosa) and the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO).
Check out the complete list of payments made between December 27th and 28th:
– Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (Abacc): US$ 382.2 thousand
– International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Courts (IRMCT): US$295.5 thousand
– World Trade Organization (WTO): 504.9 thousand Swiss francs
– International Labor Organization (ILO): 9.7 million Swiss francs
– Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPAQ): EUR 441 thousand
– United Nations (UN): US$ 21.8 million
– Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO): $1.04 million
– Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA): US$2.0 million
– Pan American Foot and Mouth Disease Center (Panaftosa): US$ 1.3 million
– Postal Union of the Americas, Spain and Portugal (UPAEP): US$ 142 thousand
– International Criminal Court (ICC): EUR 63 thousand
– Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO): US$ 147,000
– Southern Common Market Secretariat (Mercosur): US$ 331 thousand
– Mercosur Parliament (Parlasul): US$ 120 thousand
– African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (Unamid): US$4.3 million
– United Nations Integrated Multidimensional Mission for the Stabilization of Mali (Minusma): US$ 11.3 million
– African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (Unamid): US$7.6 million
– United Nations Stabilization Mission of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Monusco): US$7.2 million
– United Nations Office of Support to the African Union Mission to Somalia (UNSOS): US$ 4.08 million
Content originally published by Valor PRO, Valor Econômico’s real-time news service
Reals — Photo: fatido/Getty Images