Romania’s integration as a member of the European Union, on January 1, 2007, was one of the main foreign policy objectives of the Romanian state after 1990. This desideratum was assumed at public level by central institutions and famous personalities of the Romanian state, being both a ample collective effort of the Romanians, reports g4media.
The process of Romania’s accession to the European Union began on February 1, 1993, on the occasion of the signing of the European Agreement establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, on the one hand, and Romania, on the other. The agreement recognized Romania’s goal of becoming a member of the European Union and provided financial and technical assistance from it, according to www.mae.ro and https://ec.europa.eu.
On June 22, 1995, in Paris, the Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs Theodor Melescanu submitted Romania’s official application for membership in the European Union. The application for membership was attached to the document “National Strategy for Preparing Romania’s Accession to the European Union”, signed in Snagov on June 21, 1995, by parliamentary party leaders, the presidents of the two Chambers of the Romanian Parliament and President Ion Iliescu.
The European Council was held at the Palais des Festivals in Cannes on 27 June 1995, on the occasion of the approval of the general framework of Community legislation in the field of the internal market and of the requirements that the associated states, including Romania, were to adopt. for the harmonization of Community and national legislation.
On 30 June 1995, in Brussels, Romania signed the Additional Protocol to the Association Agreement, which finalized the legal framework for the participation of the Romanian state in Community programs in the economic, technical, scientific and cultural fields. This moment represented the completion of Romania’s associated state status in the European Union.
The application of the provisions of the European Association Agreement and the preparation of the process of Romania’s accession to the European Union were undertaken by the Interministerial Committee for European Integration, which started its activity on August 14, 1995.
On June 27, 1997, on the occasion of the European Union summit in Amsterdam, the candidate states were also invited to participate, Romania being represented by a delegation led by President Emil Constantinescu.
On 15 July 1997, the European Commission published Agenda 2000, a package of measures, setting out the way forward for accession. The document, structured in three parts, referred to the future of Community policies, the enlargement of the European Union and the financial perspectives of the European Union for the period 2000-2006. Attached to it were the Commission’s opinions, based on the Copenhagen criteria, on the applications for membership made by Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. The Commission has carried out assessments for each country on the degree of fulfillment of the accession conditions, Romania not being included in the category of countries recommended to start accession negotiations.
The Government of Romania has implemented the National Program for Romania’s accession to the European Union in the medium term, a program presented on May 21, 1998, in the government meeting, by Alexandru Herlea, the Minister Delegate to the Prime Minister for European Integration. The program was discussed in the plenary of the two Houses of Parliament and was transmitted to the European Commission on 25 June 1998.
The European Commission proposed, on 13 October 1999, the start of accession negotiations with the European Union with Malta, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Romania.
On the occasion of the European summit in Helsinki, on December 10-11, 1999, the leaders of the 15 member states voted, on the first day of the works, to start the accession negotiations of the six states, including Romania, stating that the moment of accession it will occur when the states have met the conditions for accession.
The opening of Romania’s accession negotiations with the European Union took place in Brussels, on February 15, 2000, during the Romania-European Union Intergovernmental Conference, at the level of the foreign ministers of the 15 member states.
The Ministry of European Integration sent, on June 29, 2001, to Brussels, to the European Commission, the 2001 edition of the National Program of Romania’s Accession to the EU, indicating the stage of preparation of the Romanian state for accession, the developments in fulfilling each criterion. field of activity.
The European Parliament voted on 5 September 2001 the report prepared by the rapporteur for Romania, Emma Nicholson, on Romania’s accession status to the European Union. The evaluation of the process of preparation for Romania ‘s accession to the EU bloc was the subject of a visit by the European Commissioner for Enlargement, Guenter Verheugen, to Bucharest on February 20-21, 2003.
On 11 March 2004, the European Parliament voted, with 374 votes in favor, 10 against and 29 abstentions, the report on Romania’s and Bulgaria’s candidacy to join the European Union.
The ceremony for the largest enlargement of the Community bloc to date took place in Dublin on 1 May 2004, when the European Union received ten new Member States – Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia , Slovenia, Hungary.
Romania concludes, from a technical point of view, the negotiations for accession to the European Union on December 8, 2004, in Brussels, by provisionally closing the last two chapters: “Competition Policy” (Chapter 6) and “Justice and Home Affairs” ( Chapter 24), during the Romania-EU accession conference.
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