World had 198 million cases of covid-19 in 2021

World had 198 million cases of covid-19 in 2021
World had 198 million cases of covid-19 in 2021

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THE year 2021 ends with 198 million cases of covid-19 worldwide confirmed in the last 12 months. the number represents more than double of the 83 million registered cases in the same period of 2020. Deaths from the disease in 2021 reached 3.5 million, 84% more than the 1.9 million last year, according to data released by the World Health Organization (WHO).

However, the numbers, although still very high, show a decline in coronavirus mortality, which was 2.2% in 2020 and 1.7% this year. On the other hand, WHO admits that the figures are conservative, as the actual numbers may have been higher due to the many undiagnosed cases and deaths.

In the two years accumulated since the beginning of the health crisis with the notification of the first cases in China to the WHO, 281 million positive diagnoses and 5.4 million deaths were registered worldwide.

the pandemic is one of the most serious in history, although their numbers are still far from those caused by the bubonic plague at various times, or by the 1918-20 flu, which left tens of millions of deaths.

The current pandemic is also experiencing an exponential surge in positive diagnoses, believed to be linked to omicron variant, with a record number of 1.3 million confirmed cases on the 29th, although this “tsunami of contagions”, as defined by the WHO, has not yet been accompanied by an increase in deaths.

The year 2021, dedicated to vaccinating as many people as possible against covid-19, also comes to an end with 9.15 billion vaccines administered worldwide, with 58% of people receiving at least one dose, according to data provided by national health networks.

A dozen countries have vaccination rates above 80%, including the United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Spain, China, South Korea, Portugal and Cuba, although nearly a hundred nations have not met the WHO target of reaching at least 40% of the vaccinated population in all territories.

Cases in Europe

No northern hemisphere, the pandemic continues to advance. The weekly incidence of covid-19 in Germany has risen today to 214.9 cases per 100,000 population, compared with 207.4 on Thursday and 265.8 a week ago, according to data from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI).

After four weeks of decline, this is the second consecutive day of uptrend. In the last 24 hours, 41,240 new cases were registered, against 35,431 the previous Friday, while deaths related to the disease reached 323, down from 370 reported a week ago.

Since the start of the pandemic, Germany has registered 7,150,422 confirmed infections by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, 111,925 people have died and 6,382,900 have recovered.

In terms of vaccines, 71.2% of the German population received the full vaccine schedule, 38.6% received a booster dose and 74.2% received at least the first dose.

According to Christian Drosten, head of the virology department at the University Hospital of La Charité, in Berlin, it will be A fourth dose is required with a vaccine adapted to the characteristics of the omicron variant. “I think everyone will need a booster dose with an updated vaccine,” Drosten told Deutschlandfunk radio.

The German expert expressed his expectation of an increase in incidence during the winter and warns that the percentage of unvaccinated people, even among those over 60, is still very high in Germany.

“We have many unvaccinated people in Germany, including those over 60 years of age, and these are naturally at risk,” he said.

For those vaccinated, maintained Christian Drosten, the pandemic could end next year, but the unvaccinated will still have to be considered and some measures will be necessary, such as the use of masks in closed spaces.

“I wouldn’t be surprised if next winter we still had to wear masks indoors. But I don’t think we’ll have much hospital pressure again,” he noted.

Also on Friday, French health authorities said that the omicron variant is already the dominant among covid-19 infections in the country, where the virus has had a “significant progression” in recent days.

“62.4% of the tests performed showed a profile compatible with the omicron variant” at the beginning of the last week of the year, against 15% in the previous one, according to the latest weekly bulletin from health authorities, published on Thursday night.

This progression of the omicron variant was expected, as it is particularly contagious and is already becoming dominant in other European countries, such as the United Kingdom and Portugal.

The epidemic has so far left a total of 123,552 dead in France.

 
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